Trello is an app that quickly creates cue cards / index cards on a virtual cork board. We can use Trello to organize any project, including an essay.
Of course if you prefer, you can use real index cards for this instead.
- Once you’ve set up a Trello account, create a new board and name it with your essay question.
- Click “Add a list…” and title this column “Quotes”.
- Now dump every single quote you can think of under this heading, adding a new card for each quote. You are trying to find any quote you think might link to the question: anything that’s going to be useful later. Just copy the quote down; you don’t need to say anything about it yet. If you have a relevant point that you can’t find a quote for or you have something relevant to say e.g. about the historical context, you can stick this in as well – as long as it’s only a brief note.
If you spend quality time doing this now, you won’t have to break the flow of your essay later to flick through books/articles/Wikipedia.
You can add quotes whilst you read by downloading the Trello app on your phone and putting an “add card” widget on your home screen.
4. Once you have one long column of quotes you should be able to start shaping your essay. There are two ways you can do this
Method a) Click “Add a list…” again to add four extra columns; just call them “1”,”2″,”3″,”4″. Now try to split your quotes, putting them into these four groups. To move a quote, simply click and drag it. You don’t need to spell out what the quotes in each group have in common yet. You might find that five or three different groups emerge and that’s fine, just adjust the number of columns. If you still have some quotes it your quote column, just leave them there rather than trying to force them into a group. Once you’ve created your groups, change the column headings to something that describes what the quotes have in common using one sentence. What do all the quotes show? This doesn’t have to be the main thing they show.
Method b) Give a one sentence answer to the question. Click “Add a list…” and type in your sentence. Give three more one-sentence answers, creating four columns in total.
Q: Is Curley’s wife presented as a villain in Of Mice and Men?
A: 1. She is presented as a naïve child.
2. She is presented as a manipulative bully
3. She is the only sign of life on the ranch and therefore good.
4. She is just projecting the hidden desires and anxieties of the other characters.
Q: To what extent do biological approaches adequately explain the causes of Schizophrenia?
A: 1. Twin studies suggest significant heritability.
2. Many researchers focus on environmental stressors rather than genes.
3. Viruses and conditions in the womb may play an important role.
4. Some researchers suggest parenting and experiences in childhood are important.
Now click and drag your quotes into the column under the heading they relate to. Leave behind quotes that don’t belong under a heading, you might be able to mention them in the flow of your essay.
It’s fine if your one-sentence answers / column headings are similar: essays typically just have one central argument and sometimes a counter-argument.
5. A traditional essay typically has three parts:
The Thesis: Your main theory / argument.
This is the very first thing people are going to read so you need to have some hustle. Say something that can be proven wrong: not “There are many reasons to believe that Curley’s wife may or may not be a villain” but “Curley’s wife is cruel, calculating and manipulative: a villain worthy of a Shakespearean tragedy.”
The Antithesis: The argument or arguments you know of that go against your thesis.
What would you say if you were arguing against yourself? In a scientific paper you might talk about the limitations of your study here or external factors that could undermine your findings.
The Synthesis: Why your thesis is still right, even given the antithesis.
You will need to rephrase your thesis with a few howevers to make this work.
You can split your columns into thesis and antithesis by clicking on the heading and dragging the whole column. Put your two or three thesis columns on the left. Start with the column that either
a) You believe is the “right answer”
b) You can argue for most passionately or convincingly (if it’s appropriate for the kind of essay you’re writing)
c) It is the biggest idea and can be said to include some of the ideas expressed by the other columns
6. Print off your board. To do this you can click on the right hand menu under “Show Menu”, click “More” then choose “Print and Export” and “Print”. “Print to .pdf” Will save your board as a PDF file on your computer that you can print off and have by your side when you’re writing your essay.
7. Turn off the internet at the wall and put your books out of sight.
8. Use your quote and point cards to start thinking about your paragraphs. You could write one paragraph per column or split the piece into shorter paragraphs. Use quotes or points that could belong under two different headings to move from one paragraph to the next. You can start a paragraph by talking about the same quote but making a different point about it.
9. Use your headings to help structure a synthesis / conclusion. You’re not using any quotes now. You’re explaining your key points. You’re explaining your thesis and how it might have changed or expanded in the process of dealing with the antithesis / experiments / wider reading. It often helps to make it sound like you’ve made a discovery.
You’ll probably re-write this when your essay is finished but it’s useful to know where you’re heading before you start.
10. You can go online or browse through your reading materials again at a different time, but not now! Now it’s time to write. Plug some music in (if it doesn’t have words) and write until you run out of steam, consulting your plan whenever you get stuck.
You can share your board with others to collaborate on an essay. You could focus on a column each.
Share your board with us below!
Want to automatically send quotes to your essay plan as you browse? Read this next.